Today several different types of chemical peels are available, each having a quality that makes it unique to the rest. Some of these include:
Alpha hydroxy acid chemical peels – these acids are normally sourced from naturally occurring acids that exist in sugarcane juice, sour milk and tomato juice. The alpha hydroxy acids include such acids as carboxylic acids like glycolic acid and lactic acids. It is one of the mildest chemical peel solutions and it is often used in the treatment of fine wrinkles, areas of dryness on the skin and uneven pigmentation as well as acne. Chemical peel solutions containing these acids are normally mixed normal facial cream and washing solutions as part of the daily treatments. Often, these chemical peels rely on five fruits acids, which have a myriad of qualities and benefits to the skin. These are: glycolic acid, citric acid, malic acid, lactic acid, and tartaric acid. When used in combination, these acids deliver the expected results in a short time. For instance, while Glycolic acid creates the exfoliation action, lactic acid removes dead skin cells and malic acid opens up the skin pores. As such, together, these acids create the perfect remedy for a variety of skin conditions.
Trichloroacetic acid chemical peels – TCA is an acronym that stands for trichloroacetic acid, which is a key component of the TCA peels. TCA peels are normally manufactured in different strengths ranging from 20% to 50%. The depth of penetration that is offered by a particular TCA peel solution usually varies; going deeper as the concentration of the chemical peel solution increases. However, a concentration level in these TCA peels that exceeds 35% is not recommended since this can very easily lead to scarring instead of treating the skin. The TCA peels are normally preferred by darker skin people and at times require preparation before use. In addition, repeat treatments are usually necessary to maintain the result over a ling period of time. Furthermore, patients are usually required to apply sunscreen on their bodies for several months as the treatment sets in. The process of healing after the use of these chemical peel solutions normally varies depending on the depth of the treatment.
Retinoic acid peel – this is a type of retinoid that is normally deeper than most treatments. The retinoic acid peel is commonly used in spa treatments and plastic surgery to remove scars and take care of wrinkles as well as pigmentation problems. Often, the process is undertaken together with the Jessner’s peel to prepare the skin for the process. The patient leaves the facility with the treatment on their face since peeling begins on the 3rd day.